The last few years have been hectic for all of us. But, there are now furlough and benefit changes on the way that may impact most of us.
But with lockdown being lifted, how are these financial aids changing?
There are changes you need to make sure you are aware of moving forward. Make sure you are up to date on these tweaks as they may affect you and your finances.
- The child benefits cap
- The universal credit uplift ending
- The furlough scheme ending
- The final SEISS grants
- The stamp duty holiday ending
- New mortgage guarantee scheme
In April of 2017, the government capped child tax credits and universal credit aids to the first two children in a household. This was a controversial austerity measure, which was widely debated.
Critics described the cap as “desperately unfair”. It is estimated 243,000 households and 911,000 children were negatively affected by the two-child limit from 2017 to 2020. As of July 2021 it has impacted over one million children.
The government has argued the cap is sustainable and fair to the taxpayer. Lawyer James Eadie suggests the cap is to “ensure people in receipt of benefits face the same choices as those who support themselves solely through work, and ensure that the system creates incentives to work”.
Recently, two mothers took their case to the Supreme Court, arguing the cap disproportionately affects women, who make up 90% of single parent households in the UK. The case, which was also supported by the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) suggested the policy breached the human rights of both children and their parents.
Just this month, the case was dismissed by the Supreme Court, in which seven justices all unanimously agreed the two-child limit was lawful, although they concluded it did, in fact, disproportionately impact women. The court ruling argued it saves money and helps to cut fiscal deficit, with Supreme Court President Lord Reed saying the two-child cap has an “objective and reasonable justification”.
Many critics were disappointed in the ruling, including Carla Clarke of the CPAG, who said the judgement “failed to give any meaningful recognition to the reality of the policy and it’s desperately unfair impact on children”. The SNP called the ruling “appalling”, and women’s barrister Richard Drabble QC said the limit creates “deep child poverty”.
Campaigners are considering taking the case to the European Court of Human Rights.
What can you do?
If you are struggling with the two-child benefits cap, you can visit Turn2us.org. They have a benefits calculator which may show you benefits you weren’t aware you are entitled to. They also offer support and debt advice.
It is also worth contacting your local council and explaining your situation. Some councils have extra money available to help those in their community who are struggling financially. Similarly, you can find your local food bank here. There are also many charities which can offer small payments or aids to help you. People First has a great list of charities you can contact.
Universal credit is claimed by more than 5.5 million households across the UK and was introduced to replace six benefits: income support, job seeker’s allowance, employment and support allowance, housing benefit, child tax credit and working tax credit. It combines them into one payment to make it easy and simple for those in receipt of it.
In April 2020, the coronavirus pandemic resulted in an uplift of £20 a week to universal credit payments. It was due to end in March 2021, however the government received pressure from the public to extend it. Ultimately, Rishi Sunak announced the £20 a week uplift would be extended for another six months, and is due to end in October 2021, however some claimants may begin to see changes in their payments in September.
Recently, work and pensions minister Thérèse Coffey confirmed the uplift would be withdrawn at the end of September, despite widespread public opposition to the move. There has even been conflict cross-party regarding the withdrawal. Prime Minister Boris Johnson also confirmed the uplift would be stopped. All six million universal credit claimants are to be written to, warning them they would likely see an adjustment in their benefit payments.
At the end of 2020, unemployment hit a five year high, with a whopping 1.74 million people out of work, a rate of 5.1%. Redundancies, income losses and the furlough scheme have all added to the universal credit scheme coming under increased scrutiny in recent years.
Members of parliament and anti-poverty campaigners have argued an extension of just six months does not prevent millions of families facing financial hardship later in the year. Additionally, nearly 60% of the British public agree the lift should be extended, particularly for those who are vulnerable, such as those who are carers or face disabilities.
Sara Willcocks, Head of External Affairs at Turn2us, said:
“The Prime Minister can be in absolutely no doubt about the momentous task he faces in ‘levelling-up’ left behind areas of the UK. The faith many voters placed in him to deliver improved regional equality seems to be at serious risk.
“The coronavirus has clearly had a significant impact on social mobility and the government must invest in opportunities and remove barriers if it is serious about giving everyone a fair opportunity to thrive in life. We urge Number 10 to reverse the planned cut to Universal Credit in September if they want to reverse this worrying trend.”
Jo Kerr, Director of Impact and Innovation at Turn2us, said:
“Those of us on low incomes are incredibly anxious about the upcoming £20 cut to Universal Credit. Over the course of the last decade, we have seen our social security system cut, capped and frozen beyond repair. What is left is a threadbare security net.
“However, we still have time for this government to change their mind. We urge Number 10 and the Secretary of State to keep this vital lifeline, so we can avoid the tsunami of poverty, hunger and ultimately destitution that we may face otherwise.”
Turn2us is a national poverty charity which provides grants, support and information to people facing financial insecurity in the face of a life changing event. The charity is calling on the government to provide immediate financial support to people who will need time to recover from the pandemic.
What can you do?
As previously mentioned, Turn2us.org is a wonderful tool to help you. They offer support and advice, and can help you find extra benefits you may be entitled to. There are also resources available such as charities and food banks, giving free aid to those who may struggle when the uplift ends.
We also have plenty of ideas for you to make money at home in fun and easy ways. Our article ‘44 ways to make extra money‘ is packed with tips and ideas to help you make extra cash on the side. Similarly, we have articles giving you advice on how to save money:
- 50 ways to save money in your home
- Lazy ways to save money on everything
- How a smart meter can reduce your energy bills
When the pandemic struck in early 2020, the furlough scheme became a much-needed part in mitigating the devastating economic impacts to businesses. As of July 2021, there are still 2.4 million people on furlough or flexi-furlough.
A majority of furloughed workers were paid 80% of their wages, up to £2,500 a month. As of May 2021, 30% of employers had staff on furlough. As restrictions lifted, the hospitality industry saw the largest reduction in the number of workers on furlough, down by 131,000 people.
With a whopping 11.6 million jobs being supported since the scheme began, the Institute For Fiscal Studies suggests the cost of keeping workers on furlough will increase for businesses. This may encourage them to take back full-time workers. It will rise from £155 per month in June to £322 in July, to an estimated £489 in August and September. There are worries, however, that this will result in further redundancies and loss of work, where businesses cannot afford to keep staff.
When will furlough end?
Although all legal lockdown restrictions were lifted on the 19th July, the government extended the furlough scheme until the end of September. This is with the aim of preventing further extensions by giving certainty to businesses through the summer months.
The furlough scheme may be continuing until September 30th, but from July 1st the scheme began to be phased out. Government contributions to wages reduced to 70%. Businesses must pay 10% of their workers’ wages themselves, to ensure they are still receiving 80% of their income.
There are many workers who are worried by the furlough scheme ending, as their workplace may not have had the opportunity to open as soon as other businesses. These include nightclubs and soft-play centres, which opened much later than pubs, bars and restaurants, and are having to play catch up.
Similarly, those in the travel industry are particularly worried their business could remain struggling even when travel restrictions lift. This is due to reduced numbers of people travelling abroad or going on holiday. This leaves the question of whether the furlough scheme should be extended for particular industries and job roles, in order to prevent further job losses.
What can you do?
A big worry for many people in regard to the furlough scheme ending is potential redundancy. We have plenty of resources to help you prepare for redundancy:
- Redundancy preparation: How to make the most of furlough
- Redundancy: Your action plan
- 11 top tips for coping with redundancy at 50+
We also have a wonderful, FREE eBook, written in partnership with Turn2us.org. ‘Your redundancy and debt action plan’ is packed with helpful advice, financial help, tackling debt and how to make money. You can download your copy here.
You can also read our ‘Job Search‘ section of the website. This is overflowing with ways to find work, make money, start your own business and more!
The Self-Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS) was introduced in March 2020 by the government. This grant would pay 80% of a three-month average trading profit to those who are self-employed, up to £7,500.
Applications opened May toJuly 2020, and over 2.6 million claims were received, costing a total of seven-and-a-half billion pounds. In May of 2020, a second grant was announced, this time worth only 70% and capped at £6,570. A third was announced in September 2020, which would last six months instead of three.
The scheme was then extended to September 2021. A fourth instalment would be paid in one chunk, again being 80% of wages, capped at £7,500.
A fifth and final grant was announced to cover May to September 2021. This grant was determined by the amount a claimant’s turnover had reduced from April 2020 to April 2021. If a claimant had a turnover reduction of over 30%, they would receive 80% of three months’ average trading profits. This would be capped at £7,500. If the claimant’s turnover reduction was less than 30%, they would receive 30%, capped at £2,850.
This grant is not expected to continue past September 2021. This has caused concern for many self-employed workers in the UK. It has proven very difficult to claim universal credit whilst self-employed. This leaves many to worry how they will be able to cope financially if their business continues to struggle.
What can you do?
If you are worried about your business and finances after the SEISS ends, you can visit the government website to see if there is any financial support available.
We also have plenty of advice on how to start up your own business and find new work:
- Top 20 tips for running your own business
- How to set up your freelance business in under one week
- The best part-time freelance jobs you can start now
- How to make money when you’re unemployed
- How to overcome long-term unemployment
In June 2020, a ‘holiday’ on stamp duty was announced. This meant home buyers didn’t have to pay tax on the first £500,000 of their purchase price. It is estimated that 1.3 million buyers have benefitted from the stamp duty holiday.
However, this resulted in an increase in house prices by an average of 8.8% over the past year. The average price of a detached property rose faster than any other property type, up by 10%.
The last week of June saw exchanges in the housing market at 204% above the five-year average for that week. The number of prospective buyers registering with agencies in the first week of July was 31% above the five-year average for the same week.
So, what does the stamp duty holiday ending mean for home buyers?
From July 1st, a 5% tax came back into force for properties between £250,000 and £925,000. From October, the stamp duty holiday will end completely. The price at which buyers pay stamp duty will revert back to £125,001. The end of the stamp duty holiday may calm the market and encourage first time buyers. It may also spur on buyers who are hesitant to purchase their homes before the holiday ends.
It also means buyers are less likely to rush their purchases and buy a property that’s right for them. The Financial Wellbeing Forum found the holiday rushed some people to buy and make poor financial decisions. In fact, 56% of homebuyers between the ages of 25 and 34 said they rushed their purchase. A majority of them said it was in order to take advantage of the window. Londoners went over their budgets the most out of anywhere in the UK, overstepping by an average of £27,000.
Despite the holiday winding down, demand is still high. Estate agents Winkworth said the number of people wanting to buy a property was still up 16% on 2019. Similarly, they suggested the number of offers accepted increased by 59% in the first week of July alone. A big issue, however, is that housing supply is low for those wanting to buy. The demand is still high, however, meaning sales may slow down as a result.
Some developers are offering to keep the holiday and pay the stamp duty themselves, so their buyers don’t have to. This is to encourage continued sales on their homes. Galliard, for example, is offering to pay stamp duty on the Wimbledon Grounds Housing Scheme until the end of 2021.
What can you do?
If you are debating whether to buy a house now or later, the sensible option would be to start your search as soon as possible in order to make the most of the holiday. If you know the sort of property you are looking for and your budget, start your journey to becoming a homeowner as soon as possible to take advantage of the tax savings.
In April 2021, the government announced a new mortgage guarantee scheme to help homebuyers get on the property ladder. The scheme encourages lenders to offer up to 95% loan to value mortgages for properties worth up to £600,000. This means buyers only need a deposit of 5%.
Most 95% loan to value mortgages were pulled when the pandemic hit. However, the government is now offering lenders a guarantee to cover 15% if the full 95% loan is taken out. Some of the banks that are participating include NatWest, Santander, Lloyds and HSBC.
The scheme will be open to buyers until December 2022. You do not have to be a first-time buyer to use the scheme.
What can you do?
If you want to make the most of the new mortgage guarantee scheme but aren’t sure how to start saving for your deposit, you can read our article on saving for your deposit here.
We also have plenty of articles on how to make extra money, which you can use to put towards your savings.